What is the single most important evolution in payments today, and why?
As appeared in the Cleveland Fed Digest's Ask the Expert
Electronic networks. Payments went from an entirely paper world in the 1950s and 1960s to a largely electronic world today, allowing for point-of-sale transactions, debit and credit cards, Internet and mobile banking, and check image clearing. These conveniences were enabled by banks’ adopting computers and taking advantage of modern telecommunications systems.
Some other countries have new systems called “faster” or “real-time” payments that allow individuals and businesses to send payments to each other in a matter of seconds. In the United States, we’re moving toward faster payments, too. The Fed has been collaborating with commercial banks, credit unions, and other stakeholders to bring the system to market, but the country has some unique constraints: a huge number of depository institutions (roughly 13,000), a complex payments system, and the fact that bank regulators don’t have legal authority to demand far-reaching changes from the private sector.
In late 2017 and 2018, we’ll start to see advertising for near-real-time payment services from banks and credit unions, along with products for sending “instant” payments to one another through smart phones and online banking services. These products are likely to supplant other payment methods such as checks and cash and make newer payment access devices such as payment apps on smart phones much more popular.
You’re here today.
Don’t miss what we produce next. Subscribe to Cleveland Fed Digest.
Cleveland Fed Digest delivers right to your inbox once a month research you can use, expert answers to timely questions, and news of upcoming events. If you’re not yet a subscriber to Cleveland Fed Digest, share your email address (and just that!) to receive the newsletter each month. We welcome your feedback, too! Contact firstname.lastname@example.org with questions or comments.
Rest assured, we do not sell or share your email address, and you may unsubscribe at any time.