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  • Delivered direct: Work that informs

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  • President’s Speech:

    President Mester discusses “An Update on the Economic Outlook and Monetary Policy” in University Heights, Ohio. Read more

  • MCPI 2015-2

    September 2019 Median CPI Release

    The median Consumer Price Index rose 0.2% (3.0% annualized rate) in September. The 16% trimmed-mean Consumer Price Index also rose 0.2% (1.9% annualized rate) during the month. Current Median CPI

  • Opportunity Occupations: Joining the Workforce

    New short film from the Fed explores good jobs not requiring a bachelor's degree. Meet Jaime Pearson and learn about her opportunity occupation in Toledo, Ohio. Watch now.

  • Connectivity is Critical: What We Learned From Three Rural Counties

    No county is without challenges, but those in rural areas face a unique set of difficulties. Studying three of our region’s most economically challenged counties revealed that being connected—in a variety of ways—is crucial for success. Read more

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  • Has the Real-Time Reliability of Monthly Indicators Changed over Time?

    Mark Bognanni

    Economic data are routinely revised after they are initially released. I examine the extent to which the real-time reliability of six monthly macroeconomic indicators important to policymakers has remained stable over time by studying the time-series properties of their short-term and long-term revisions. I show that the revisions to many monthly economic indicators display systematic behaviors that policymakers could build into their real-time assessments. I also find that some indicators’ revision series have varied substantially over time, suggesting that these indicators may now be less useful in real time than they once were. Lastly, I find that substantial revisions tend to occur indefinitely after the initial data release, a result which suggests a certain degree of caution is in order when using even thrice-revised monthly data in policymaking. Read More

  • The Winners and Losers from Trade

    Daniel R. Carroll Sewon Hur

    Although increased international trade is widely viewed as beneficial to the economies of the participating countries, the benefits are not distributed evenly across individuals within those countries, and indeed some individuals may bear a cost. We discuss two channels through which trade can affect individuals differently depending on their skill and income levels and assess the combined impact of those channels. We find that the effects of trade on the labor market and the effects of trade on prices go in opposite directions and are of similar magnitude. Read More

  • Trends in the Noninterest Income of Banks

    Joseph G. Haubrich Tristan Young

    A large fraction of banks’ revenue comes from noninterest income, which includes items such as overdraft fees and ATM charges. We investigate whether this source of income has increased since the financial crisis, given that banks’ interest income may have been impacted by the low interest rate environment. We find that total noninterest income has actually decreased. However, service charges, one of the subcomponents of noninterest income, have increased. The increase in service charges is masked in the data on total noninterest income because other types of noninterest income, specifically securitization fees and other types of noninterest income affected by the crisis, fell during the same period. Read More


  • Median CPI
  • Inflation Nowcasting
  • Policy Rules
  • Systemic Risk
  • Predicted GDP Growth
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