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Advances in Forecast Evaluation


This paper surveys recent developments in the evaluation of point forecasts. Taking West’s (2006) survey as a starting point, we briefly cover the state of the literature as of the time of West’s writing. We then focus on recent developments, including advancements in the evaluation of forecasts at the population level (based on true, unknown model coefficients), the evaluation of forecasts in the finite sample (based on estimated model coefficients), and the evaluation of conditional versus unconditional forecasts. We present original results in a few subject areas: the optimization of power in determining the split of a sample into in-sample and out-of-sample portions; whether the accuracy of inference in evaluation of multistep forecasts can be improved with the judicious choice of HAC estimator (it can); and the extension of West’s (1996) theory results for population-level, unconditional forecast evaluation to the case of conditional forecast evaluation.

JEL Nos.: C53, C12, C52

Keywords: Prediction, equal accuracy


Suggested citation: Clark, Todd E., and Michael W. McCracken, 2011. “Advances in Forecast Evaluation,” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper no. 11-20.

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