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Press Release

Latest update on federal funds rates based on 7 simple monetary policy rules: Cleveland Fed

Our tool also allows users to customize their own simple policy rule and forecast

Looking at the federal funds rates coming from seven simple monetary policy rules and three economic forecasts -- based on data and forecasts available as of February 21, 2018 – Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland researchers find that the median federal funds rate across the policy rules and forecasts rises from 1.49 percent in 2018:Q1 to 2.58 percent in 2020:Q1.

“Compared with the forecasts available in mid-November, inflation forecasts have firmed a little on average, and the forecast path for the unemployment rate is a little lower,” says Edward Knotek, a senior vice president and economist at the Cleveland Fed. “ As a result, the median fed funds rate path across these simple policy rules and forecasts now rises to 2.40 percent by the end of 2018, about 20 basis points higher than it was last quarter.”

Simple monetary policy rules provide a relationship between a central bank’s policy rate and a relatively small number of indicators of inflation and real economic activity. Monetary policymakers often use simple policy rules, like the Taylor rule, as an input into their decision-making. However, there are many different simple rules, and there is no agreement on a single “best” rule. The chart below highlights differences among the latest funds rates coming from the simple policy rules and forecasts examined by Cleveland Fed researchers.

The Cleveland Fed’s webpage, Simple Monetary Policy Rules, presents detailed results from the researchers’ analysis and a spreadsheet so users can customize their own simple monetary policy rule and forecast. The results are updated quarterly, and users can receive e-mail notifications when the updates are posted.

Federal Funds Rates on 7 Simple Rules


Also, in case you missed them, check out these recent Economic Commentaries from the Cleveland Fed:

Using Economic Experiments to Improve Contingent Convertible Capital Bonds

Labor Market Tightness across US States since the Great Recession

Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

The Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland is one of 12 regional Reserve Banks that along with the Board of Governors in Washington DC comprise the Federal Reserve System. Part of the US central bank, the Cleveland Fed participates in the formulation of our nation’s monetary policy, supervises banking organizations, provides payment and other services to financial institutions and to the US Treasury, and performs many activities that support Federal Reserve operations System-wide. In addition, the Bank supports the well-being of communities across the Fourth Federal Reserve District through a wide array of research, outreach, and educational activities.

The Cleveland Fed, with branches in Cincinnati and Pittsburgh, serves an area that comprises Ohio, western Pennsylvania, eastern Kentucky, and the northern panhandle of West Virginia.

Media contact

Doug Campbell,, 513.455.4479