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Working Paper

Land Bank 2.0: An Empirical Evaluation

In 2009, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, which contains Cleveland and 58 other municipalities, created the Cuyahoga County Land Reutilization Corporation. This land bank was established to acquire low-value properties, mitigate blighted housing, help stabilize neighborhoods, and slow the decline of property values. As of September 2013, the land bank had acquired 3,405 properties and demolished 1,853 structures. This empirical study evaluates the effectiveness of the land bank by estimating spatially corrected hedonic price models using sales near the land bank homes. In the six months before they are purchased by the land bank, the distressed properties are estimated to lower the sale price of nearby homes (within 500 feet) by 5.2 percent. The negative externality from the distressed properties decreases to 4.4 percent once the land bank takes possession.

Suggested Citation

Fitzpatrick, Thomas J., IV, and Stephan D. Whitaker. 2014. “Land Bank 2.0: An Empirical Evaluation.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper No. 12-30R.