Skip to:
  1. Main navigation
  2. Main content
  3. Footer
Economic Commentary

Realignment in the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry

In December 1987, GM closed five auto assembly plants in the United States, including one in Norwood, Ohio. What made the Norwood closure notable from an economic perspective was not the plant’s size — which at roughly 140,000 cars per year was moderate by automotive standards — but its location. Approximately 100 miles to the south, Toyota was about to open an auto production facility in Georgetown, Kentucky. And at the same time, 100 miles to the northeast, Honda announced plans to expand its U.S. operations with a plant in East Liberty, Ohio.

The views authors express in Economic Commentary are theirs and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The series editor is Tasia Hane. This paper and its data are subject to revision; please visit for updates.

Suggested Citation

Bryan, Michael F., and John Martin. 1991. “Realignment in the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Economic Commentary 6/1/1991.

This work by Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International