Did Local Lenders Forecast the Bust? Evidence from the Real Estate Market
This paper shows that mortgage lenders with a physical branch near the property being financed have better information about home-price fundamentals than nonlocal lenders. During the real estate run-up from 2002-06, home price growth negatively correlates with the share of loans made by local lenders, namely lenders with a branch in the respective county. Moreover, home prices fell less from 2006-09 in areas where more of the loans were made by local lenders. California foreclosure rates during the crisis are negatively correlated with local lending during the run-up. A 1 standard deviation increase in local loans is associated with 5 fewer foreclosures for every 1,000 houses. When local lenders retain loans for their portfolio rather than securitizing, the results for both home price growth and foreclosures are even stronger.
Keywords: Local share, House price growth.
JEL Code: G21.
Suggested citation: Cortes, Kristle Romero, 2012. "Did Local Lenders Forecast the Bust? Evidence from the Real Estate Market," Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper no. 12-26.