Filling in the Blanks: Network Structure and Interbank Contagion
This paper proposes an efficient method for estimating counterparty exposures in banking and financial markets. It combines information-theoretic arguments with economic incentives to produce more realistic interbank networks that preserve important characteristics of the original interbank market. The method loads the most probable links with the largest exposures consistent with the total lending and borrowing of each bank, yielding networks with minimum density. When used in a stress-testing context, the minimum-density solution overestimates contagion, whereas maximum entropy underestimates it. Using the two benchmarks side by side defines a useful range that bounds the cost of contagion in the true interbank network when counterparty exposures are unknown.
Anand, Kartik, Ben R. Craig, and Goetz von Peter. 2014. “Filling in the Blanks: Network Structure and Interbank Contagion.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper No. 14-16. https://doi.org/10.26509/frbc-wp-201416