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Working Paper

Performance and Asset Management Effects of Bank Acquisitions

This paper studies the effects of acquisitions on both acquired and acquiring banks. Through the use of overlap, von Mises, and other distance statistics, we confirm that, prior to the acquisition, the acquirer generally performs better than the bank it acquired. Following the acquisition, the performance of the two banks starts to converge, mainly due to improvements in the acquired institution. During this process, the acquired is transformed in such a way that it becomes a replica of its acquirer, a result that confirms a strong policy integration among banks that are part of a bank holding company. These post-acquisition effects hint at an explanation for the abnormal returns usually observed at the time of the acquisition announcement, and provide some insight on the dominant motivations for the consolidation taking place in the banking industry.

Suggested Citation

Craig, Ben R., and João Cabral dos Santos. 1996. “Performance and Asset Management Effects of Bank Acquisitions.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper No. 96-19.