Skip to:
  1. Main navigation
  2. Main content
  3. Footer
Economic Commentary

Wage Inflation and Worker Uncertainty

According to a recent article in the New York Times, the leading explanation of why inflation has been so limited these last three years—despite low unemployment rates—is that wage demands have been held down by an unusually high degree of “worker uncertainty.” Substantial effort has gone into identifying (and disputing) the sources of this presumed insecurity in the face of a rather buoyant labor market. The most commonly mentioned reasons are the threat of middle-management layoffs, competition from foreign workers, and less unionization, all of which are believed to reduce wage inflation by making workers think twice before requesting higher pay—even if their firms’ balance sheets have improved.

The views authors express in Economic Commentary are theirs and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The series editor is Tasia Hane. This paper and its data are subject to revision; please visit for updates.

Suggested Citation

Schweitzer, Mark E. 1997. “Wage Inflation and Worker Uncertainty.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Economic Commentary 8/15/1997.

This work by Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International