Are the Great Lakes Cities Becoming Service Centers?
During the past 20 years, American business has restructured itself along many dimensions. While some industries have suffered a protracted decline, others have expanded, moved to new regions, or revamped their production processes. Two much-noted effects of this restructuring are the elimination of many manufacturing jobs nationwide and sluggish overall employment growth in the large cities bordering the Great Lakes.
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Groshen, Erica, and Laura Robertson. 1993. “Are the Great Lakes Cities Becoming Service Centers?” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Economic Commentary 6/1/1993. https://doi.org/10.26509/frbc-ec-19930601