Skip to:
  1. Main navigation
  2. Main content
  3. Footer
Economic Commentary

Inflation and Cost-of-Living Adjustment Clauses

Wage-rate increases among unionized employees have generally been larger in the past few years than increases among non-unionized employees. As measured by the Employment Cost Index, for example, wage rates of union workers increased 40.1 percent between September 1975 and December 1979, while nonunion wage rates rose 34.9 percent. Effective wage-rate adjustments in major collective bargaining units averaged 8.1 percent per year during the 1972-1979 period, whereas average hourly earnings in the private non-farm economy (excluding overtime in manufacturing) rose 7.6 percent per year.

The views authors express in Economic Commentary are theirs and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The series editor is Tasia Hane. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This paper and its data are subject to revision; please visit for updates.

Suggested Citation

Sniderman, Mark S. 1980. “Inflation and Cost-of-Living Adjustment Clauses.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Economic Commentary 3/24/1980.

This work by Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International