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Yield Curve and Predicted GDP Growth

  • Background: The yield curve—which measures the spread between the yields on short- and long-term maturity bonds—is often used to predict recessions.
  • Description: We use past values of the slope of the yield curve and GDP growth to provide predictions of future GDP growth and the probability that the economy will fall into a recession over the next year.

Percent change from previous month

March February January
3-month Treasury bill rate (percent) 0.02 0.04 0.09
10-year Treasury bond rate (percent) 1.66 1.31 1.11
Yield curve slope (basis points) 164 127 102
Prediction for GDP growth (percent) 1.1 0.7 0.5
Probability of recession in 1 year (percent) 5.8 10.0 13.0


  • Yield-Curve-Predicted GDP Growth
  • Probability of Recession Calculated from the Yield Curve
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