Skip to:
  1. Main navigation
  2. Main content
  3. Footer
Press Release

Capital Requirements: Cleveland Fed Conference Offers Lessons Learned for Policymakers

Will requiring financial institutions to hold more capital prevent another financial crisis? Perhaps, but modifying capital requirements means addressing a number of unresolved issues ranging from the costs of increased requirements to the best way to structure them. Economists Joe Haubrich and James Thomson from the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland say that research presented at a recent Bank conference offers some lessons learned for policymakers, such as:

  • High capital requirements have large social benefits – reducing the extent and severity of financial crises – and low social costs.
  • Research suggests that a capital ratio around 20 percent is optimal.
  • There are major social benefits from replacing 10 percent of debt with contingent capital, above and beyond banks’ capital holdings. This implies increasing capital from about 6-10 percent to 15-20 percent.
  • There are two camps on liquidity requirements – some researchers find them more effective than capital requirements in promoting bank safety, while others view them as costly because they induce banks to voluntarily hold levels of capital above 30 percent.

A final theme emerging from the conference is that the form of regulation matters, whether it is the triggers on contingent convertible capital (or CoCos), the interaction between capital and liquidity requirements, or the specific method used on stress tests.

Read: Capital Requirements for Financial Firms

Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

The Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland is one of 12 regional Reserve Banks that along with the Board of Governors in Washington DC comprise the Federal Reserve System. Part of the US central bank, the Cleveland Fed participates in the formulation of our nation’s monetary policy, supervises banking organizations, provides payment and other services to financial institutions and to the US Treasury, and performs many activities that support Federal Reserve operations System-wide. In addition, the Bank supports the well-being of communities across the Fourth Federal Reserve District through a wide array of research, outreach, and educational activities.

The Cleveland Fed, with branches in Cincinnati and Pittsburgh, serves an area that comprises Ohio, western Pennsylvania, eastern Kentucky, and the northern panhandle of West Virginia.

Media contact

Doug Campbell,, 513.455.4479