2011 Policy Summit

2011 Policy Summit Presenters' Bios

Sandra Pianalto is president and chief executive officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, where she has both national and local leadership responsibilities. Ms. Pianalto participates in the formulation of U.S. monetary policy, and she oversees 1,300 employees in Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Pittsburgh who conduct economic research, supervise financial institutions, and provide payment services to commercial banks and the U.S. government. Ms. Pianalto earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Akron and an MA in economics from the George Washington University. She is also a graduate of the Advanced Management Program at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business.

Janet Yellen is vice chair of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. She previously served as president and CEO of the Twelfth District Federal Reserve Bank in San Francisco. She is a professor emeritus at the University of California at Berkeley. She has served as chair of the Council of Economic Advisors as well as the Economic Policy Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. She is a member of both the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Yellen has written on a wide variety of macroeconomic issues, specializing in the causes, mechanisms, and implications of unemployment. She graduated summa cum laude with an economics degree from Brown University and received her PhD in economics from Yale University.

Dionissi Aliprantis is a research economist in the Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. He is primarily interested in applied econometrics, labor and urban economics, and education. His current work investigates neighborhood effects on education and labor market outcomes. Dr. Aliprantis completed his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania in May 2010. He earned his BS in mathematics and BA in economics and Spanish at Indiana University.

Jim Anderson is the senior program coordinator at the Ohio Employee Ownership Center, where he is responsible for the Evergreen Cooperative Laundry Project. Evergreen is a precedent-setting organization in which inner-city, low-income people will be members of an employee-owned cooperative that provides commercial laundry services to large anchor institutions in Cleveland, such as the Cleveland Clinic and University Hospitals, as well as nearby nursing homes.

David Autor is a professor and associate department head of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Economics. He is also a faculty research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and editor in chief of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. His current fields of specialization include human capital and earnings inequality, labor market impacts of technological change and globalization, disability insurance and labor supply, and temporary help and other intermediated work arrangements. Dr. Autor received a BA in psychology from Tufts University and a PhD in public policy at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government.

George R. Barany is the director of financial education at the Consumer Federation of America, where he is also the leader at America Saves, directs Young America Saves, and is piloting a new initiative on college campuses. He co-organized the America Saves pilot—Cleveland Saves—and provides training and technical assistance to America Saves programs around the country. He has a BA in history from Case Western Reserve University and received an Economic Development Fellowship from the German Marshall Fund to engage British and European Union leaders in 2001.

Omar Blaik is founder and president of U3 Ventures, LLC, a multi-disciplinary firm focused on advisory services and real estate development. U3 specializes in integrating anchor institutions with their surrounding neighborhoods, leveraging economic capacity, and creating opportunities for vibrancy around urban universities. Mr. Blaik started U3 Ventures in 2006 with the belief that anchor institutions hold the key to sustainable community and economic development in many cities across the country.

Lavea Brachman is executive director of Greater Ohio and a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, She has been the chief architect of and manages the Restoring Prosperity to Ohio Initiative as well as other related statewide initiatives. Ms. Brachman has shaped the Greater Ohio’s organizational and strategic direction, as well as developed policy and programmatic areas of focus and strategic partnerships with other nonprofit organizations and private sector leaders. She graduated from Harvard College and the University of Chicago Law School, and received a master’s in city planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Kenneth Brevoort is a senior economist in the Division of Research and Statistics at the Federal Reserve Board. His present work focuses on the regulation of consumer credit markets, with particular focus on issues related to credit access, including fair lending, credit scoring, and the impact of geography on lending to consumers and small businesses. He received his PhD in economics from The Ohio State University and an MS and BA from the University of Delaware.

Keith S. Burgess is manager of community development lending with Huntington National Bank based in Columbus, Ohio. In this role he is responsible for the origination and portfolio management of the Huntington’s lending for multifamily affordable housing. Mr. Burgess has 17 years of experience in the banking industry. He holds a BBA in marketing from Kent State University and is also a CPA.

Richard V. Burkhauser is the Sarah Gibson Blanding Professor of Public Policy in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management and professor in the Department of Economics at Cornell University. His professional career has focused on how public policies affect the economic behavior and well-being of vulnerable populations, such as older persons, people with disabilities, and low-skilled workers. He received his PhD in economics from the University of Chicago.

Ruth Clevenger is vice president and community affairs officer in the Community Development Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. Her responsibilities include strategic oversight and coordination of the department’s work on a range of consumer credit, community reinvestment, and asset-building issues. She also directs research, outreach, and public programs that promote fair and impartial access to credit in the Fourth Federal Reserve District. Ms. Clevenger has a bachelor’s degree in social welfare from George Mason University and has done graduate work in journalism at West Virginia University.

Richard Cordray is the assistant director for enforcement at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. His responsibilities include building the enforcement team and preparing for the exercise of enforcement powers. He has been on the front lines of consumer protection as Ohio's Attorney General and is a strong advocate against foreclosure rescue scams. Last year, Mr. Cordray’s office responded to a record number of consumer complaints and opened the complaint process for the first time to small businesses and nonprofit organizations to ensure consumer protections for even more Ohioans.

Yuliya Demyanyk is a senior research economist in the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland’s Research Department. Her research interests include the subprime mortgage market, the roles of financial intermediation and banking regulation in the U.S. economy, and financial integration in the United States and the European Union. She has a PhD in economics from the University of Houston; an MA in economics from the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy’s Economic Education and Research Consortium (EERC), Kyiv, Ukraine; and BA and MA degrees in physics from the National University of Odessa, Ukraine.

William Elliott III is an assistant professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Kansas. He currently serves as a faculty associate for the Center for Social Development and as a Senior Research Fellow for New America Foundation’s Asset Building Program. Dr. Elliott is a leading researcher in the field of children's savings and college matriculation and success. He has written extensively on the relationship between assets and children's educational outcomes.

Ronel Elul is a senior economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. He is also an adjunct associate professor of finance at the Wharton School. His research interests are in microeconomic theory and financial markets, particularly consumer credit. He earned his PhD in economics from Yale University, a diploma in statistics from Cambridge University, and a BA in applied mathematics from the University of California at Berkeley.

Joel A. Elvery is an assistant professor of urban studies at the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University. His research focuses on the intersections of labor economics, urban economics, and public policy. Dr. Elvery teaches courses in workforce development, labor market analysis, and quantitative research methods. He received his PhD in economics from the University of Maryland.

Gary V. Engelhardt is a professor of economics in the Department of Economics, senior research associate in the Center for Policy Research, and faculty associate in the Gerontology Center of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. Dr. Engelhardt’s specialties are in the economics of aging, household saving, pensions, Social Security, taxation, and housing markets. He earned a BA in economics from Carleton College and a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Emre Ergungor is a senior research economist in the Research Department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. His current research focuses on financial crises, financial intermediation, and information economics. He also serves as an adjunct professor of finance at the Weatherhead School of Management at CWRU. Born in Istanbul, Turkey, Dr. Ergungor earned his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Bogazici University and his MBA from Koc University, both in Istanbul. He earned his PhD in finance from the University of Michigan.

Michael Eriksen is an assistant professor at the University of Georgia in Athens. His research interests include studying issues related to low-income housing markets. Dr. Eriksen has worked extensively on topics concerning the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, Individual Development Accounts, and the social benefits of homeownership. He received his PhD and MA in economics from Syracuse University and a BA in economics and biology from Gonzaga University.

Maria D. Fitzpatrick is a Searle Freedom Trust Postdoctoral Scholar at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. Her research interests center on the economics of education, particularly early childhood education and teacher labor markets. She received her BA in economics from University of North Carolina Chapel Hill and her MA and PhD degrees from the University of Virginia.

Matthew Freedman is an assistant professor of labor economics at Cornell University's School of Industrial and Labor Relations. Dr. Freedman’s interests lie at the intersection of labor economics, urban economics, and public finance. His recent research examines how federal, state, and local policies affect neighborhoods, and in particular, how they affect the interactions between workers and firms within regions. Dr. Freedman holds a PhD in economics from the University of Maryland–College Park.

Ian Galloway is an investment associate at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. His primary responsibilities are with the Center for Community Development Investments, and he assists with the publication of the Community Development Investment Review and the Center's Working Paper Series. Mr. Galloway holds a master's degree in public policy (MPP) from the University of Chicago and a bachelor's degree in political science and philosophy from Colgate University.

Presley L. Gillespie is executive director of the Youngstown Neighborhood Development Corporation. He is responsible for the organization’s consistent achievement of its mission and financial objectives; for ensuring that the organization develops and executes its long-range strategic plan; and for the day-to-day operations, management of development projects, regulatory compliance, liaison with governmental bodies, and all public relations. Mr. Gillespie holds a BA in organizational communication from Youngstown State University.

Ryan Goodstein is a senior financial economist in the Division of Depositor and Consumer Protection at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Since joining the FDIC in 2008, Dr. Goodstein’s research has focused on consumer finance issues including access to financial services, housing, and the mortgage market. He received his PhD in economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a BS from James Madison University.

James Greer is a senior research analyst in the Office of Financial Strategies and Research at the U.S. Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund. He is responsible for analyzing information submitted to the Community Impact Investment System by Community Development Entities and CDFIs. Dr. Greer also assists with the coordination and development of reports to Treasury and the Office of Management and Budget. Dr. Greer has a PhD in political science from the University of Chicago.

Michal Grinstein-Weiss is an assistant professor at the School of Social Work at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She received a PhD in social work at George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University in St. Louis. In addition, Grinstein-Weiss holds a master’s degree in economics from the University of Missouri, St. Louis. Before coming to North Carolina, Grinstein-Weiss played a key role in the research on the American Dream Demonstration, the first large-scale test of individual development accounts (IDAs), and she continues as the principal investigator for the fourth wave of data collection.

Terry Grundy is director of community impact at United Way of Greater Cincinnati, where he organizes coalitions and partnerships for community development and manages a multimillion-dollar portfolio of investments in nonprofit organizations involved in community building activities. In addition, he is an adjunct associate professor of community planning in the School of Planning at the University of Cincinnati. He received his BA degree from Xavier University and his MA from the Athenaeum of Ohio, and has pursued postgraduate studies at Cambridge University.

Rob Grunewald conducts regional economic research and co-authors the Minneapolis Fed’s “Beige Book” report on current economic conditions. He also writes articles on the regional economy and other economics and banking issues for the fedgazette and The Region, two periodicals published by the Minneapolis Fed. Mr. Grunewald regularly speaks to business, community, and school groups about the Federal Reserve and the regional economy. He holds a bachelor’s degree in economics and religion from St. Olaf College and a master’s degree in applied economics from the University of Minnesota.

Erin Hardy is a senior research associate at Northeastern University for the DiversityData-Kids Project, which focuses on using data to advance child well-being and racial and ethnic equity. Ms. Hardy’s current research is focused on connecting research in the areas of racial and ethnic stratification and child development, with particular focus on early childhood and spatial methods. Ms. Hardy earned a master of science in political science at MIT and a BA in government and economics at Wesleyan University in Connecticut.

Ted Howard is the co-founder and executive director of the Democracy Collaborative at the University of Maryland. The Collaborative is recognized as a national leader in the fast-growing field of community wealth-building strategies and policy development. In July 2010, Mr. Howard was appointed as the Steven Minter Senior Fellow for Social Justice at the Cleveland Foundation. In this position, he has been responsible for developing a comprehensive job creation and wealth-building strategy that has resulted in the Evergreen Cooperative Initiative.

Steve Kahn is the director of Wayne State University’s Center for Excellence and Equity in Mathematics. Dr. Kahn has overseen the dual development of a unique teaching philosophy with a new K–12 math curriculum and has worked to implement them in both inner-city and suburban public schools. Currently, Dr. Kahn is working on plans to establish a network of middle and high schools in the city of Detroit. He earned his bachelor’s degree from Stony Brook University and his PhD from the University of Maryland. 

Clinton Key is research director of the Assets Building Research Group in the School of Social Work at the University of North Carolina. The group’s research focuses on the causes and consequences of asset inequality and programs that help to build sustainable and sustaining assets and increase financial stability in disadvantaged communities. Mr. Key works with the research team evaluating the long-term impact of individual development account use in the American Dream Demonstration. Mr. Key is now working on his dissertation for UNC’s Sociology Department. He did his undergraduate work at the University of Chicago.

Lillian A. Kuri is the program director for architecture, urban design, and sustainable development at the Cleveland Foundation, which she joined as a consultant to develop a comprehensive strategy for one of the foundation’s priority initiatives: the revitalization of the Greater University Circle area. She has more than ten years of experience as a nonprofit executive, with expertise in urban redevelopment and innovative environmental services. She holds a master’s of architecture in urban design from Harvard University and a bachelor’s degree in architecture from Kent State University. Ms. Kuri is a licensed architect in Ohio and a LEED-accredited professional.

Janice Lepore-Jentleson is the founding executive director of East End Community Services, the only comprehensive community development initiative in the Dayton area. The mission of East End is to break the cycle of poverty for children and their families and to build a prosperous, healthy, and caring community. Ms. Lepore-Jentleson was instrumental in establishing “Dayton Works Plus,” a deconstruction business that currently employs 25 disadvantaged workers in abating public nuisances and selling reclaimed materials at the Deconstruction Depot in Dayton. She graduated from the University of Dayton with a BS in psychology.
 
Andrea Levere has led the Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED) as its president since 2004. CFED is a private nonprofit organization with the mission of building assets and expanding economic opportunity for low‐income people and disadvantaged communities through matched savings, entrepreneurship, and affordable housing. In 2009, CFED launched innovation@cfed, an initiative that focuses on accelerating the development of next generation strategies to expand economic opportunity. Ms. Levere holds a bachelorʹs degree from Brown University and an MBA from Yale University.

Alan Mallach is a senior fellow at the Center for Community Progress, a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Metropolitan Policy Program of the Brookings Institution, and a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. He also teaches in the graduate city planning program at Pratt Institute in New York City. Mr. Mallach has been engaged in planning, community development, and urban policy as a public and private sector practitioner, advocate, and scholar for over 40 years. He received his BA from Yale University.

Richard Mansfield is a doctoral candidate in economics at Yale University. He will become an assistant professor at Cornell University’s Department of Labor Economics in the School of Industrial and Labor Relations in August 2011. Mr. Mansfield’s current research focuses on the extent to which the performance of schools and teachers can be effectively evaluated based on contemporaneous student performance, given the existence of interactions with other educational inputs and lack of knowledge about the long-term impact of their contributions. He holds a master’s degree in economics from Yale University and a bachelor’s degree in economics from Harvard University.

Justin Marion is an associate professor in the Economics Department of the University of California, Santa Cruz. His fields of specialization are public finance and empirical industrial organization. Dr. Marion has published articles in leading economics journals on topics such as affirmative action, tax evasion, the impacts of low-income housing developments on neighborhoods, and the incidence of fuel taxation. He received a PhD from the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago.

Cassandra McConnell is the associate director of the Community Affairs Branch of the Division of Supervision and Consumer Protection at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Ms. McConnell directs the FDIC’s national community reinvestment, community and economic development, financial literacy, and outreach programs. She is also responsible for developing nationwide partnerships, products, and marketing strategies for banks to reach underserved communities. Ms. McConnell earned her Juris Doctor from Cleveland Marshall College of Law, master of public administration from Cleveland State University’s Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, and her bachelor of science from Cleveland State University.

Ruby Mendenhall holds joint faculty appointments in sociology, African American studies, and urban and regional planning. She is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Center for Institutional Diversity at the University of Michigan. Her research focuses on issues of social inequality and the role of public policy and individuals’ agency in facilitating social and economic mobility. She specifically researches segregation in urban communities and how families use the Earned Income Tax Credit for social mobility investments.

Raven Saks Molloy is a senior economist at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, where she analyzes and forecasts housing market activity. Her research focuses on the intersection between housing and labor markets; recent projects include the post-foreclosure experience of households, the relationship between house prices and local government tax revenues, and patterns of migration within the United States since the 1980s. She received her PhD from Harvard University.

Stephanie Moulton is an assistant professor at the John Glenn School of Public Affairs at the Ohio State University. Her research focuses broadly on private-sector organizations implementing public policies, and she specializes in low-income homeownership and financial-asset-building policies and programs. Her current work studies the impact of financial institutions on mortgage outcomes of low-income and vulnerable populations. Dr. Moulton also provides policy and research assistance to the Ohio Housing Finance Agency and the Office of Affordable Housing Research. Dr. Moulton received her PhD in public affairs from Indiana University’s School of Public and Environmental Affairs.

Brendan (Dan) O'Flaherty is a professor of economics at Columbia
University. He has written on homelessness, crime, segregation, housing, track and field records, and many other topics. He maintains an active engagement with many community groups in his hometown of Newark, New Jersey.

Edgar Olsen is a professor of economics and public policy at the University of Virginia, where he has served as chairman of the economics department. He received his doctorate from Rice University and has been a postdoctoral fellow at Indiana University, an economist at the Rand Corporation, a visiting scholar at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and a project associate in the Institute for Research on Poverty and a visiting professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Wisconsin. His research specialty is low-income housing policy.

Ida Rademacher is research director at the Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED). In this capacity she provides research and evaluation expertise to help CFED define and advance a research agenda that identifies, investigates, and advances effective strategies for building assets and expanding economic opportunity. She provides research support and guidance to CFED's field development, product innovation and policy teams. Ms. Rademacher has over ten years of applied research and evaluation experience in the fields of asset building, workforce development, rural and immigrant entrepreneurship, and community economic development.

Jason Reece is a senior researcher at the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at the Ohio State University. His work involves outreach, education, advocacy, and policy research on issues related to fair and opportunity-based housing, community development, neighborhood revitalization, regional equity, and GIS. Certified AICP by the American Institute of Certified Planners, Mr. Reece received a master’s degree in city and regional planning from the Ohio State University and studied city planning at the Technical University of Dresden, Germany. He received a BA in geography and a BA in urban and regional planning from Miami University.

Edward E. Rhine is deputy director of the Office of Policy and Offender Reentry at the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Dr. Rhine’s career has included leadership and management positions in both juvenile and adult corrections. He has written and edited numerous publications addressing the history and practice of paroling authorities, the impact of due process on prison discipline, leadership and change issues in probation and parole, offender reentry, and best practices in corrections. Dr. Rhine received his doctorate in sociology from Rutgers University.

Sarah F. Riley is a senior research economist at the University of North Carolina’s Center for Community Capital. Her primary research interests concern the ways in which individuals and organizations perceive and respond to risk. She is currently investigating the causes of house price appreciation and volatility for low-income homeowners, the relative user costs of owned and rented housing, and the extent to which strategic default plays a role in low-income homeowner mobility decisions. Dr. Riley holds a PhD in economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an MA and a BS in economics from Tulane University.

Chris Ronayne is president of University Circle Inc, the nonprofit community service corporation responsible for the development, service, and advocacy of University Circle as a world-class center of innovation in healthcare, education, and arts and culture. Since becoming president, Mr. Ronayne has developed an aggressive agenda to leverage the institutional assets of the Circle’s anchor “Eds, Meds, and Arts” organizations and transform it into a vibrant mixed-use district. Mr. Ronayne holds a master’s degree in urban planning, design, and development from Cleveland State University and a bachelor’s degree in business from Miami University.

James E. Rosenbaum is a professor of sociology, education, and social policy at Northwestern University. He has advised the Chicago Public Schools, the Chicago Mayor’s office, and U.S. Congressional Committees, and he is on two federal advisory panels. His books include Crossing the Class and Color Lines and Beyond College for All. His book, After Admission: From College Access to College Success, is a study of community colleges and was published in 2006. Dr. Rosenbaum earned his BA from Yale University and his PhD from Harvard.

William Sabol is the deputy director for Statistical Programs at the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Dr. Sabol has more than 20 years experience researching criminal justice issues in different settings. His research efforts over the years have focused primarily on criminal justice policy issues, notably on sentencing policy, the effects of incarceration on communities, and statistical issues and methods. Prior to completing his PhD from the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh, he was a Fulbright Scholar at the Institute of Criminology at Cambridge University.

Robert J. Sampson is the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences and former chair of the Department of Sociology at Harvard University. He also serves as senior advisor in the Social Sciences at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study and is currently a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation in New York City. Professor Sampson has published widely on crime, the life course, neighborhood effects, social inequality, civic engagement, and the social organization of contemporary cities.

John Schmitt is a senior economist with the Center for Economic and Policy Research. He has written extensively on economic inequality, unemployment, the welfare state, unionization, the minimum wage, and other topics for both academic and popular audiences. Dr. Schmitt is a visiting lecturer at the Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona). He has an undergraduate degree from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and an MSc and a PhD in economics from the London School of Economics.

Charles R. See is associate director of the Lutheran Metropolitan Ministry Association in Cleveland, Ohio, and the executive director of the Ministry’s Community Re-Entry Program. He is also a member of the National Association of Blacks in Criminal Justice. Mr. See has been involved in providing community-based correction programs for youth and adults for more than 30 years. He is a cultural mitigation expert for capital cases involving African Americans.

Mark Sniderman is executive vice president and chief policy officer at the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. He is responsible for guiding the Bank’s economic research and community development efforts. Dr. Sniderman served as senior economist for economic policy analysis for the U.S. Senate Budget Committee in Washington, DC, while on leave from the Bank. A native of Youngstown, Ohio, Dr. Sniderman earned a bachelor's degree from Case Western Reserve University and master’s and doctoral degrees in economics from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Theresa A. Stark is a senior project manager in the Division of Consumer and Community Affairs at the Federal Reserve Board. Until recently, she was manager of the Board’s community affairs program. Ms. Stark is currently leading the Federal Reserve’s participation in the interagency initiative to review the regulations implementing the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and propose regulatory changes that would better align CRA with current banking practices.

Michael A. Stegman is the director of policy and housing for U.S. Programs at the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. He serves as the Foundation's lead observer of domestic policy issues, working to translate policy trends and position program strategies in affordable housing, community change, mental health, juvenile justice, education, and urban and regional policy within the larger context of local, state, and national policy developments. Dr. Stegman has written extensively on housing and urban policy, community development, financial services for the poor, and asset development policies.

Leanna Stiefel, professor of economics and education policy at the Wagner and Steinhardt Schools, NYU, directs a new master’s degree in education and social policy and specializes in research on education finance and policy. Currently she is studying student mobility, performance of small high schools, and the relationships between housing and education and obesity and education. Her research has been supported by the U.S. Department of Education, the Spencer Foundation, and the MacArthur Foundation, among others.

Subhra Saha is an assistant professor of economics at Cleveland State University. His primary fields of interest are labor economics and urban and regional economics; his current work estimates the spillover effects of science and science-producing organizations—like universities and colleges—on economic outcomes of individuals. Dr. Subhra earned his M.Phil in economics from Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India; masters in economics from Delhi School of Economics, New Delhi, India and from the Ohio State University; and BSc with Honors from St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata University, Kolkata, India. He completed his PhD at the Ohio State University.

Larkin Tackett is deputy director of Promise Neighborhoods in the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Innovation and Improvement. His main responsibilities include drafting the Promise Neighborhoods funding competition, creating a framework to leverage and integrate resources from other Federal programs, and developing the department’s strategy for school climate and community support. Mr. Tackett holds a bachelor’s degree in politics and history from Brandeis University and a master’s degree in business administration from McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas at Austin.

Joseph S. Tracy is executive vice president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, where he also serves as senior advisor to the president. His primary research interests include housing and urban economics as well as unions and collective bargaining. Prior to joining the New York Fed, Dr. Tracy was an associate professor at Yale University and Columbia University. He holds a bachelor’s degree from University of Missouri and a doctorate from the University of Chicago.

Scott Turner is vice president and community affairs officer and oversees the Community Development Department in the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Mr. Turner joined the Bank in 2002 with diverse experience in areas such as municipal and international finance, housing policy and research, and sovereign risk assessment. He has a bachelor of arts degree in political science from Western Washington University and a master of public policy degree from the University of California at Berkeley.

Marian Urquilla is director of program strategies at Living Cities. In this role, she co- manages Living Cities' Integration Initiative, a five-region, $75-80 million program that blends grants, program-related investments, and traditional capital to advance integrative and sustainable approaches to revitalize neighborhoods and connect low-income people to regional opportunities. Ms. Urquilla is also responsible for the development and implementation of Living Cities' education and income and asset priorities, as well as the overall integration and synthesis of Living Cities' programmatic efforts. She is currently an Annie E. Casey Foundation Children and Family Fellow.

Joseph J. Valenti is a research and program analyst in the Financial Strategies and Research Unit at the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund (CDFI Fund). In this role, he evaluates the outcomes and effectiveness of CDFI Fund programs, helps maintain the Community Investment Impact System (CIIS) database, and conducts analyses based on CIIS and other data collected by the CDFI Fund. Mr. Valenti holds a master of public policy degree from Georgetown University with an emphasis in social policy and a bachelor of arts degree in political science from Columbia University.

Guhan Venkatu is an economist in the Research Department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. His recent research has focused on the housing and mortgage markets and the regional economy of the Fourth Federal Reserve District. Mr. Venkatu is a member of the Ohio Governor’s Council of Economic Advisors. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Cleveland chapter of the National Association for Business Economics. He obtained his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in economics from Miami University.

Jean-Pierre Voyer is president and chief executive officer of the Social Research and Demonstration Corporation, a Canadian nonprofit organization that specializes in the design, implementation, and evaluation of large-scale demonstration projects in the social policy domain. Mr. Voyer sits on the research advisory committees of several research projects and organizations, including the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada’s Program and Quality Committee. He holds a master’s degree in economics from Queen’s University and an undergraduate degree in economics from the Université de Montréal.

Barry Wides is the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency’s (OCC) Deputy Comptroller for Community Affairs, where he leads a department of community development professionals located in Washington, DC, and the OCC districts. The Community Affairs staff is responsible for outreach to banks and their community partners, the administration of the "Part 24" public welfare investment authority, the development of policy, and the creation and distribution of educational materials on community development issues. Mr. Wides is a Certified Public Accountant and holds a bachelor of science in accounting and an MBA from Indiana University.

Debra Wilson is a real estate development manager at Fairfax Renaissance Development Corporation, where she is responsible for the negotiation, mediation, selling, and purchasing of land and structures needed for special projects and housing sales. Ms. Wilson is licensed with the State of Ohio as a real estate sales associate, certified by NeighborWorks Training Institute as a financial counselor, and pre-certified by NeighborWorks Training Institute in developing and implementing a foreclosure program and foreclosure basics.

Abigail Wozniak is an assistant professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Notre Dame, working primarily in the field of labor economics. Her research has examined migration between states and cities as well as employer compensation and screening policies. Dr. Wozniak is currently a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and a Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn, Germany. She is a graduate of Harvard University (PhD) and the University of Chicago (AB).

Yilan Xu is a PhD candidate at the Department of Economics at the University of Pittsburgh. Her research fields include banking regulation, law and economics, urban economics, applied microeconomics. Her dissertation studies the subprime lending and mortgage securitization in the U.S. home mortgage market and investigates the impact of predatory lending legislation on credit flow and foreclosures. Besides those empirical studies, she has also done work modeling the strategic credit rating in a competitive environment. She received her BA in economics from Zhejiang University in China.

John Zitzner is president of the Friends of Breakthrough Schools. He founded E CITY, through which he taught urban high school students about business creation, and later he started Entrepreneurship Preparatory School, a grade 6–8 public charter school with the goal of preparing 100 percent of students for success in college. Most recently, Mr. Zitzner co-founded Breakthrough Charter Schools in collaboration with the leaders of Citizens Academy and the Intergenerational School. Collectively, the organizations are creating a network of high-performing public charter schools with a plan to serve 7,000 students in 20 schools by 2020.

Paul Tough is the author of Whatever It Takes: Geoffrey Canada's Quest to Change Harlem and America. He has written extensively about education, child development, poverty, and politics, including cover stories in the New York Times Magazine on the Harlem Children’s Zone, the post-Katrina school system in New Orleans, and the achievement gap and charter schools. He is now at work on a new book, The Success Equation, to be published in 2012. He has worked as an editor at the New York Times Magazine and Harper’s Magazine and as a reporter and producer for the public-radio program “This American Life.” He was the founding editor of Open Letters, an online magazine. His writing has appeared in the New Yorker, Slate, GQ, Esquire, and Geist, and on the op-ed page of the New York Times.

Sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland's Research and Community Development Departments, with support from the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Ohio Capital Corporation for Housing (OCCH), and NeighborWorks America.