The Impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on Local Home Values
This paper simulates changes to neighborhood home prices resulting from reforms to tax preferences in the recently passed Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). The simulation uses federal tax data summarized at a fine geography to impute homeowner rents at the zip code level across six income classes. Employing a user cost framework, I model rents as a function of prices under the old tax law and under the TCJA. While the average price impact of the TCJA is found to be −5.7 percent, local effects range from 0 to −23 percent across zip codes. Variation across income class is also large. Simulations by income class suggest that the most severe declines in price occur for upper middle-income households ($100,000–$200,000). The paper also simulates partial versions of the TCJA that omit different features of the law that affect housing preference. I find that the higher standard deductions in the new law are the largest driver of price declines.
JEL codes: H24, H31, R21.
Keywords: mortgage interest deduction, housing subsidy, income tax.
Suggested citation: Martin, Hal. 2018. “The Impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on Local Home Values.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper no. 18-06. https://doi.org/10.26509/frbc-wp-201806.