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Policy Summit on Housing, Human Capital, and Inequality



Thursday, June 18, 2015



Highlighting Pittsburgh's Renaissance: Positive Transformation through Equitable Revitalization Strategies
Come along for a firsthand look at one of the best examples of Pittsburgh's post-decline renaissance. The East Liberty neighborhood boasts a renewed and thriving business district, innovative job training initiatives for residents, and a robust mixed-income housing market. There's also a newly planned multimodal transit center. Tour speakers will highlight how economic revitalization strategies transformed this neighborhood and the city and the steps taken to ensure the revitalization benefited existing residents while attracting new development. Don't miss this opportunity to see these examples in East Liberty for yourself. A companion conference session (Practitioner Session B3) will explore the neighborhood's transformation further and connect you with Pittsburgh leaders who are helping transform the city.

Note: Space is limited; separate registration and payment are required.

Tour Speakers:
Ernie Hogan, Executive Director, Pittsburgh Community Reinvestment Group
Breen Masciotra, Communications Coordinator, Port Authority of Allegheny County
Gregg Perelman, Principal and CEO, Walnut Capital
Todd Reidbord, Principal and President, Walnut Capital
Skip Schwab, Investment Officer, East Liberty Development, Inc.
Paul Svoboda, Manager, Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh

Civic leaders across the nation are being challenged to pursue economic growth in ways that promote opportunities for all residents. Equitable development strategies are one approach that city mayors are embracing to foster both economic revitalization for their neighborhoods and economic inclusion for their residents. What can cities learn from past experiences? How should leaders be thinking about persistent but newly intensified challenges like race and community relations in this context of equitable development? Scot Spencer will moderate an informative, highly engaging exchange with Pittsburgh Mayor William Peduto and former Cleveland Mayor Jane Campbell to highlight the policies, programs, and partners that are needed to advance an equitable agenda.

Moderator:
Scot Spencer, Associate Director for Advocacy and Influence, The Annie E. Casey Foundation

Mayors:
Jane Campbell, Director, Washington DC Office of the National Development Council (NDC), and former Mayor of the City of Cleveland Report PDF

Bill Peduto, Mayor, City of Pittsburgh

How Does Measurement Contribute to Uncertainty in Public Policy, and What can be Done about It?
Charles Manski (Northwestern University), a leading researcher on uncertainty in decision making, recently authored a book about how careful consideration of uncertainty can improve public policy. In this plenary, Professor Manski will share his research on how uncertainty from measurement affects public policy. He will be joined by two leaders who wrestle with these issues firsthand: Erica Groshen (Bureau of Labor Statistics) and Jeffrey Kling (Congressional Budget Office). Mark Schweitzer from the Cleveland Fed will moderate the discussion.

Moderator:
Mark Schweitzer, Senior Vice President, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Speakers:
Erica Groshen, Commissioner of Labor Statistics, US Bureau of Labor Statistics Presentation PDF

Jeffrey Kling, Associate Director for Economic Analysis, Congressional Budget Office
Charles Manski, Professor of Economics, Northwestern University Presentation PDF

Community Revitalization Strategies from the Colonias, the Mon Valley, and East Baltimore

The papers in this session will report on research from the Texas-Mexico Border, the Monongahela Valley region of western Pennsylvania, and the East Baltimore neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland. While some of these areas have struggled longer than others, all three have had sustained periods of economic decline and distress. The presenters will discuss key strategies being deployed to bring economic growth to these areas and their varying levels of effectiveness. These strategies range from workforce development and hiring practices to entrepreneurship and new business development as well as integrated approaches that combine housing and infrastructure.

Moderator:
Amy Glasmeier, Professor of Economic Geography and Regional Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Speakers:
Jordana Barton, Senior Advisor, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Las Colonias in the 21st Century: Progress Along the Texas-Mexico Border Presentation PDF

Sabina Deitrick, Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh
The State of Entrepreneurship in the Mon Valley, co-authored by Christopher Briem, University of Pittsburgh Presentation PDF

Christine Schildt, Senior Associate, PolicyLink
An Assessment of Economic Inclusion and Workforce Development Strategies for the Creation of a Science and Technology Park in a New Urban Community, co-authored by Victor Rubin, PolicyLink Presentation PDF

Financial Aid and Access to Higher Education

This session explores student financial aid for higher education from several angles. The presenters will discuss topics such as household balance sheets and student debt, the extent to which borrowers opportunistically default on their loans, and what happens to students attending for-profit colleges when those colleges lose access to federal financial aid.

Moderator:
Peter Hinrichs, Research Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Speakers:
Rajeev Darolia, Assistant Professor, University of Missouri
Do Student Loan Borrowers Opportunistically Default? Evidence from Bankruptcy Reform Presentation PDF

Andrew Haughwout, Senior Vice President and Function Head, Microeconomic Studies Function, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Student Debt and the Household Balance Sheet Presentation PDF

Lesley Turner, Assistant Professor, University of Maryland
Where Do For-Profit Students Go when Colleges Lose Federal Aid? Evidence from Local Higher Education Markets

Building a Better Workforce: A Collaboration between Education and Business

Is your community challenged by workforce shortages in key industry sectors? Are the businesses in your community—and the ones considering it as a future location—concerned that the area lacks a critical mass of skilled talent? In this session we will construct a map for collaboration between educational and business stakeholders that promotes a win-win relationship. Educators need the relevance employers can provide to excite students about academics that leads to future careers. Employers need employees with strong skills who can master new workplace challenges. This session will demonstrate how communities can work with educators and employers to make education at all levels (K-12 to college) more responsive in order to build a more competitive workforce for the future.

Moderator:
Ryan Burke, Policy Advisor, National Economic Council

Speakers:
Josh Benton, Executive Director, Workforce Development at Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development Presentation PDF

Joshua Jennings, Director, Global Impact STEM Academy
Dr. Paul Schreffler, Vice President and Dean of the School of Workforce Development, Pierpont Community & Technical College Presentation PDF

Bridging the Gap on Health and Community Development: Building Communities Based on Wellness

This session will explore how the connection between health and neighborhoods will shape the future of place-based work and community building. Panelists will illustrate how the inclusion of public health implications in community development strategy and planning can yield neighborhood vitality and improved quality of life for residents. Panelists will share innovative and scalable initiatives being implemented in communities around the country, and discuss the impacts these initiatives are having on both the health and economic vitality of these communities. The session will also explore available resources to support healthy community initiatives and opportunities to foster greater public–private collaboration and other partnerships.

Moderator:
Noelle Baldini, Community Engagement Associate, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Speakers:
Robert Kahn, Associate Director, General Pediatrics and Associate Chair for Community Health, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Presentation PDF

Carol R. Naughton, President, Purpose Built Communities, East Lake Presentation PDF

Jasmine Ratliff, Program Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Poverty Simulation

What is it really like to be poor in our country? Most of us involved in community development work feel a great deal of empathy with the less fortunate, but it's difficult to truly understand another's circumstances without experiencing near-identical conditions firsthand. This interactive session is designed to help participants get a sense of what it might be like to live as a member of a low-income family trying to survive from month to month. What difficult realities are they challenged with on a weekly, daily, even hourly basis? Find out for yourself.

Note: Registration is required and seating is limited.
Simulation conducted by Just Harvest. More detailed description available here [pdf].

Improving Housing Policies for Low-Income Families

Both the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program and the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program facilitate access to affordable housing for low-income households. In this session we will explore recent research on these low-income housing programs and implications for how these programs could be adjusted to provide better access to areas of opportunity for these households.

Moderator:
Jenny Schuetz, Economist, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Speakers:
Ingrid Gould Ellen, Paulette Goddard Professor of Urban Policy and Planning, New York University
Do Housing Choice Voucher Holders Live Near Good Schools? Presentation PDF

Will Fischer, Senior Policy Analyst, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Presentation PDF

Francisca G.-C. Richter, Research Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve University
Do Tenant- and Place-Based Rental Housing Programs Complement Each Other? Evidence from Ohio Presentation PDF

Science and Innovation Policy

How can we best foster scientific discoveries and harness those discoveries to improve our lives? This session considers the design of science and innovation policies, especially those related to patents and intellectual property rights, as well as the role of universities in entrepreneurship, technology transfer, and economic development.

Moderator & Presenter:
Jacob Rooksby, Assistant Professor of Law, Duquesne University
Private Rights, Public Goods: Higher Education’s Struggle with Intellectual Property

Speakers:
Chris Hayter, Assistant Professor, School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University
Copyright within the Context of University Technology Transfer: Implications for Policy and Management Presentation PDF

Jeffrey Lin, Economic Advisor and Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Presentation PDF

Bruce Weinberg, Professor, Department of Economics, The Ohio State University
The Economic Impacts of Science Presentation PDF

Reversing Decline: How East Liberty Became One of Pittsburgh’s—and the Nation's—Most Up-and-Coming Neighborhoods

Urban neighborhoods can have dramatic histories of abundant success and tragic decline. Pittsburgh's East Liberty neighborhood was a thriving commercial and social center in the mid-1900s only to be foiled by the ambitious urban renewal policies of the 1960s. This session will illustrate how a diverse group of stakeholders focused their efforts on reestablishing the East Liberty neighborhood through a remarkable revitalization process. Learn how leaders transformed this neighborhood into one of Pittsburgh's most desirable places by altering public housing, attracting Google to an old Nabisco bakery building, recruiting top retailers, and establishing Green Projects, all while embracing East Liberty's history and legacy.

Moderator:
Sandy Tormoen, Assistant Vice President and Community Affairs Officer, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond

Speakers:
Malik Bankston, Executive Director, Kingsley Association
Mark Minnerly, Director of Real Estate, Mosites Company
Robert Rubinstein, Director, Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh
Rob Stephany, Program Director, The Heinz Endowments Presentation PDF

Career Pathways: Creation and Implementation

The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) promotes career pathways as a key workforce development strategy. These career pathways align and integrate education, job training, counseling, and support services to create accelerated routes to postsecondary credentials and employment. Under WIOA, state and local boards are responsible for strategically aligning the diverse stakeholders—including state and local workforce investment boards, education and training providers, community-based organizations, support services providers, and employers—in creating and supporting career pathways in their regions. Three practitioners offer valuable insights and perspectives on the creation and implementation of career pathways. Presentation PDF

Moderator:
Kyle Fee, Senior Policy Analyst, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Speakers:
Dave Megenhardt, Executive Director, United Labor Agency
Richard Hinckley, President & Chief Executive Officer, Center for Occupational Research & Development
Judy Mortrude, Director, Alliance for Quality Career Pathways, CLASP

Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: What You Need to Know Now and Considerations for the Future

As many community and economic developers think about ways to invest in human capital, the new Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) legislation will certainly be an important consideration. In this session, we will explore the highlights and goals of WIOA as well as changes in the workforce system moving forward. Additionally, we will highlight examples of how practitioners are using the new legislation in their programmatic activities.

Moderator:
Stefani Pashman, Chief Executive Officer, 3 Rivers Workforce Investment Board Presentation PDF


Speakers:
Jane Downing, Senior Program Officer, The Pittsburgh Foundation Presentation PDF

Grace Kilbane, Executive Director, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County Workforce Investment Board Presentation PDF

Seung Kim, Program Director, Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) Presentation PDF


Friday, June 19, 2015



Redefining Pittsburgh

In the vernacular of young people, Pittsburgh's got it goin' on. A former industrial powerhouse, the city, like many of its US counterparts, has had to redefine itself. Today Pittsburgh stands out among its peers for a number of reasons, including unemployment that has consistently been lower than the national average, less turbulence in residential real estate values than in other parts of the country, and a vibrant network of diverse anchor institutions. What are some of the gears helping to drive these successes? This breakfast session will feature seven local groups whose work—presented in a format powered by PechaKucha—is redefining Pittsburgh.

Emcee:
Guhan Venkatu, Vice President and Senior Regional Officer, Pittsburgh Branch, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Presenters:
Lena Andrews, Action Housing Presentation PDF

Scott Bricker, Bike Pittsburgh Presentation PDF

Jeffrey Dorsey, The Union Project Presentation PDF

Bill Flanagan, Allegheny Conference Presentation PDF

Marimba Milliones, Hill Community Development Corporation Presentation PDF

Eve Picker, cityLAB Presentation PDF

Jeremy Waldrup, Pittsburgh Downtown Partnership Presentation PDF

Broadband: The New Infrastructure?

Broadband is rapidly being labeled a necessary infrastructure, yet the benefits associated with ready online access are often not distributed equitably. In this plenary session, experts will explain why broadband is considered a new form of infrastructure, lay out the argument for digital equity, and discuss issues related to implementing broadband networks.

Moderator:
Blair Levin, Non-Resident Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution

Speakers:
John Horrigan, Senior Researcher, Pew Research Center
Doug Kinkoph, Associate Administrator, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, US Department of Commerce
Deb Socia, Executive Director, Next Century Cities

Gentrification, Housing Markets, Wealth Dynamics, and Inequality

How have cities and neighborhoods changed over time and how has that affected households? The presentations in this session explore these questions by examining: (1) the ways that the housing boom and bust affected wealth accumulation of Hispanic households, (2) the degree and prevalence of patterns of demographic change consistent with gentrification over the past four decades, and (3) how recent gentrification has affected households in Philadelphia.

Moderator:
Dan Hartley, Senior Research Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Speakers:
Nathaniel Baum-Snow, Professor, Brown University
Gentrification and Neighborhood Dynamics Presentation PDF

Lei Ding, Community Development Economic Advisor, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
Gentrification and Residential Mobility in Philadelphia Presentation PDF

Brendan O'Flaherty, Professor, Columbia University
An Ethnic Wealth Roller Coaster: Disparate Impacts of the Housing Boom and Bust Presentation PDF

Challenges and Opportunities for Young People Entering the Labor Market

The recent post-recession period of slow job and wage growth has presented additional challenges for young people entering the labor market. In this session, we will learn about young people's experiences navigating the transition from school to work and careers via survey results, including how those struggling with obesity face challenges in the labor market. Additionally, we will explore opportunities to steer young people toward employment and away from criminal activity via a job readiness program.

Moderator:
Rajeev Darolia, Assistant Professor, Truman School of Public Affairs, University of Missouri

Speakers:
Michael Jones, Assistant Professor, University of Cincinnati
Crime Reduction and Job Readiness Programs Presentation PDF

Heidi Kaplan, Senior Community Affairs Analyst, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
In the Shadow of the Great Recession: Experiences and Perspectives of Young Workers Presentation PDF

Joshua Pinkston, Assistant Professor, University of Louisville
The Dynamic Effects of Obesity on the Wages of Young Workers Presentation PDF

Learning from Unconventional Partnerships

In this panel discussion, you will learn how participants in the Appalachia Funders Network (AFN) are collaborating with foundations, community development organizations, the Appalachian Regional Commission, and three Federal Reserve Banks to further common goals for collective work in Central Appalachia. This session will also cover the collective analysis and understanding of how to advance Appalachian communities through entrepreneurial-based economic development, health initiatives, and food systems. Learn how AFN is able to build trusting and meaningful relationships among Appalachia-focused grant-makers, while working to develop innovative ways of working collectively to accelerate the economic transition of Central Appalachia.

Moderator:
Bonnie Blankenship, Senior Policy Analyst, Cincinnati Branch, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Speakers:
Mary Nally, Executive Director, Community Food Initiatives Presentation PDF

Gerry Roll, Executive Director, Foundation for Appalachian Kentucky
Mary Snow, Program Manager, Rural Support Partners Presentation PDF

Kim Tieman, Program Officer, Benedum Foundation Presentations PDF 1 PDF 2 PDF 3

Innovative Approaches to Community and Economic Development: A Tale of Two Cities

Looking for a possible solution to an issue plaguing your community? On opposite sides of the state, Pennsylvania’s two largest cities—Philadelphia and Pittsburgh—offer important examples of urban revitalization and renewal. Both regions, once defined by industrial prowess, now boast diverse economies, growing job markets, and thriving neighborhoods. This session will feature three panelists discussing emerging strategies and innovative approaches to addressing community issues such as public safety, blight, and transportation, to name a few. They may have a couple of novel ideas for you!

Moderator:
Jason Tigano, Director of Real Estate, Economic Development South

Speakers:
Grant Ervin, Chief Resilience Officer, City of Pittsburgh
Beth McConnell, Policy Director, Philadelphia Association of Community Development Corporations (PACDC) Presentation PDF

Kendall Pelling, Director of Land Recycling, East Liberty Development, Inc. Presentation PDF

Introduction:
Hal Keller, President, Ohio Capital Corporation for Housing (OCCH), and Member, Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Speaker:
Loretta J. Mester, President and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland Keynote PDF

What:
2015 Policy Summit on Housing, Human Capital, and Inequality
When:
June 18-19, 2015
Where:
Omni William Penn Hotel
530 William Penn Plaza
Pittsburgh, PA 15219

Day 1 “Opening Plenary” View at YouTube

Day 1 “Afternoon Plenary” View at YouTube

Day 2 “Breakfast Panel” View at YouTube

Day 2 “Closing Plenary” View at YouTube

Day 2 “Loretta J. Mester Keynote” View at YouTube

Sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Philadelphia, and Richmond

Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland