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Excess Persistence in Employment of Disadvantaged Workers

We examine persistence in employment-to-population ratios in excess of that implied by persistence in aggregate labor market conditions, among less-educated individuals using state-level data for the United States. Dynamic panel regressions and local projections indicate a moderate degree of excess persistence, which dissipates within three years. We find no significant asymmetry between the excess persistence of high vs. low employment rates. The cumulative effect of excess persistence in the business cycle surrounding the 2001 recession was mildly positive, while the effect in the cycle surrounding the 2008-09 recession was decidedly negative. Simulations suggest that the lasting employment benefits of temporarily running a “high-pressure” economy are small.

Previously posted with the title “Hysteresis in Employment among Disadvantaged Workers.”

JEL codes: E24, J21, J24.
Keywords: persistence, labor market tightness, unemployment, employment.

Suggested citation: Fallick, Bruce, and Pawel Krolikowski, 2019. “Excess Persistence in Employment of Disadvantaged Workers.” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Paper no. 18-01R.

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