In 2003, Pennsylvania’s industrial structure resembled the nation’s in many ways but, like many Midwestern states, the share of its workforce in the manufacturing sector was slightly above the U.S. average (15% versus 12%). The subsectors employing the largest shares of Pennsylvania’s manufacturing workers were fabricated metals (12.7%), food (10.5%), and chemicals (7.7%). The primary metals subsector, which includes steel production, employed about 6% of the state’s manufacturing workers. Aside from manufacturing, Pennsylvania’s concentration of workers in education, health care, and social services was also substantially higher than the nation’s.
Suggested citation: “Pennsylvania Employment,” Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Economic Trends, no. 05-05, pp. 15-16, 05.01.2005.