The long-term trend of Ohio agriculture— reducing the number of farms while increasing their average acreage—reversed during the 1990s. Although the last half of the twentieth century saw the number of farms decline by nearly two-thirds, this process was complete a decade ago. Since then, the number of farms has actually increased, but only a tiny amount. Indeed, when compared to the radical changes of the preceding decades, when small- and medium-sized farms were consolidated into large businesses, the size distribution of Ohio farms has changed very little in the last five years. There has been a slight increase in the number of nurseries and greenhouses (with less than 50 acres), and an increase in farms of 1,000 acres or more, but these changes remain so slight as to be insignificant. Incidentally, Ohio’s farms are classically Midwestern, with much of the acreage still in farms of less than 1,000 acres, as opposed to being Western, where much of the acreage is in very large farms.
Suggested citation: "Regional Conditions," Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Economic Trends, no. 99-08, pp. 12-14, 08.01.1999.