Skip to main content


Does immigration impact native-born workers? New study by Cleveland Fed and ECB researchers says ‘yes’

Media Contact

While small, the effects are not insignificant

A number of studies have sought to estimate the impact of foreign-born workers on native-born workforces. While many of these studies have focused on the consequences for wages or unemployment, few have examined the phenomenon of people choosing to relocate across state lines or even leave the workforce altogether.

A new study by Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland researcher Roberto Pinheiro and Allan Dizioli of the European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund finds a small, but statistically significant increase in the probability of a worker dropping out of the labor force, or migrating to another state, as the fraction of the foreign–born population increases.

The effects of this increase in foreign–born workers were concentrated on native–born, less–educated workers. Key findings include:

  • Native–born workers with a high school diploma or less were 1.71 percent more likely to move out of state when the foreign–born fraction of the local labor force saw a 10 percent increase.
  • College–educated native–born workers were 1.45 percent more likely to move with the same 10 percent increase in the fraction of foreign–born workers.
  • Native–born workers with a high school diploma or less were also 0.46 percent more likely to drop out of the workforce altogether with a 10 percent rise in the fraction of foreign–born workers in the local labor market.

“Less–educated native–born workers react to a larger stock of foreign–born workers by either moving to a different state, or dropping out of the labor force. In terms of magnitude, the effect is small but not insignificant,” say Dizioli and Pinheiro.

Read the full report: Do Foreign–Born Workers Cause Native–Born Workers to Move or Leave the Labor Force?

Upcoming EventsSEE ALL

  • 05.29.14

    2014 Inflation, Monetary Policy, and the Public

    Highlighting research and advances in data requirements for macroprudential policy, systemic risk measurement, and forecasting tools.

  • 06.25.18

    International Journal of Central Banking Conference

    CALL FOR PAPERS The International Journal of Central Banking (IJCB) is organizing its 2018 annual conference, "Ten Years after the Global Financial Crisis: What Have We Learned about Ensuring Financial Stability?" The conference will be hosted by De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, on June 25-26, 2018, and is being organized by Tobias Adrian, Harrison Hong, Luc Laeven, and Loretta Mester.