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Program on Economic Inclusion

What Is the Program on Economic Inclusion?

The Program on Economic Inclusion (PEI) is an effort to understand the obstacles to economic inclusion in the Federal Reserve’s Fourth District, as well as what approaches are promising for removing those obstacles. How can we expand opportunities for individuals to develop their potential – so that our economy is able to reach its potential? Read more.

Recent Program on Economic Inclusion FedTalk

PEI FedTalks are discussions where we seek to better understand how to foster economic inclusion, and where researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and community members can learn from one another.

Freeways and Access to Economic Opportunity

November 30, 2021

Communities through which freeways were built often had little input into the planning of freeway construction, despite the evidence that freeways created social and economic disruption for these communities. Revisiting these decisions today, what lessons might we learn for city planning that fosters economic inclusion?


Jeffrey Lin

Jeffrey Lin

Vice President

Economic Research
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Robert Cervero

Robert Cervero

Professor Emeritus of City and Regional Planning

University of California, Berkeley

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