Economic Research and Data

Economic Trends

Filling you in on the current state of the economy

08.06.07

Banking and Financial Institutions

The Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Area

By Kyle Fee and Bob Sadowski

The Cleveland metropolitan area is located along the southern shores of Lake Erie . Counties within the MSA include Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake , Lorain , and Medina . Ever since the turn of the 20 th century, Cleveland has been recognized as a manufacturing center and despite the sector’s downturn, the region retains a high concentration of manufacturing jobs. In 2006, Cleveland ’s concentration of manufacturing employment was 31 percent higher than the nation as a whole. The location quotient shows the percentage above or below the national average a given industry in geographic area represents. A value of one indicates that the sector mimics the national industry share.

location quotient

In recent years, the region has built an international reputation as a major player in the health care sector. Employment within the sector has grown rapidly to the point where health care edged past manufacturing as Cleveland’s largest sector employer. The region’s employment concentration in health services and education is about 22 percent greater than is found nationally. However, the rise in the number of health care jobs is not characteristic of the overall employment picture.

payroll employment, us, ohio

Since the employment turnaround began after the last recession, total non-farm employment in the U.S. grew by over six percent. In Cleveland, employment growth has been flat. Decomposing the employment data into manufacturing and non-manufacturing sectors, we see that the U.S. outperformed the local area in both categories. Since the last business cycle peak through 2006, the U.S. shed 16.6 percent of its manufacturing jobs compared to Cleveland’s 23.4 percent loss. Likewise in all non-manufacturing sectors, employment in the U.S. rose 6.6 percent while Cleveland’s declined 1.4 percent.

payroll employment, man nonman

 

Economic Trends is published by the Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.

Views stated in Economic Trends are those of individuals in the Research Department and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland or of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Materials may be reprinted provided that the source is credited.

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