Theresienstadt | 50-kronen note
In 1941, Czech Jews were placed in ghettos in the walled military town of Terezin, (renamed Theresienstadt by the Germans), which later became a concentration camp. Theresienstadt’s elaborately engraved banknotes were designed by noted artist Peter Kien, a ghetto internee who did not survive the Holocaust. The notes were fundamentally worthless, since there was nothing in the ghetto to spend them on except library book rentals. The vignette on the face of this 50-kronen note depicts Moses holding the tablets of the Ten Commandments. The original design did not show Moses’ fingers as gnarled and deformed, but the SS insisted on the “Jewish” representation.