Buchenwald | 2-mark note, Type 1
Buchenwald, near Weimar, Germany, opened in 1937 as a prison for professional criminals but was quickly expanded to include political prisoners and Jews. The main Buchenwald camp was surrounded by hundreds of sub-camps, or outer commands, known in German as Aussenkommandos. Both the main camp and the satellite camps used Buchenwald scrip. Some of the notes, which were issued in two types, were burned by the SS in an attempt to destroy them before the Allies arrived. Type 1 notes had Aussenkommando printed diagonally across the face of the note and were used to pay workers in the sub-camps. Some notes had the name of the sub-camp overprinted on the face, as does this 2-mark note with sub-camp Schwerte (Rühr) printed on it. This example has traces of fire damage.