Auschwitz | 1-mark note, Type 2
In May 1940 construction of a concentration camp began in the Polish town of Oswiecim. It became Auschwitz, the largest and most notorious of the Nazi concentration, forced labor, and death camps. Auschwitz was the only extermination camp known to issue scrip. Three different types of premium notes were produced, all made of cardboard. This note marked Häftlingsgeldverwaltung is a design unique to Auschwitz. It refers to the prisoners’ money administration at “KL Auschwitz,” or Concentration Camp Auschwitz. The back is stamped with a reference to a building contractor, Walter Wagner, who probably used slave labor from the camp.